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QELESHJA SHQIPTARE

Posted on April 27, 2014 at 5:40 PM

QELESHJA SHQIPTARE,

A MUND TË JETË AJO, PJESË E TRASHËGIMISË BOTËRORE KULTURORE (UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE)?

 

E mbajtur në lashtësi nga heronj mitikë dhe perëndi të ndryshme, sot ajo mbijeton në mënyrë unikale vetëm si veshje autentike e shqiptarëve. Dëshmitë e përdorimit të saj në antikitet vijnë prej statujave të shumta, mozaikëve, numizmatikës, afreskeve etj. Një veshje tipike e parë te vëllezërit Dioskurë e të Odisea, te molosët Aidoneus e Pirro, edhe te Akili gjithashtu, por edhe te hyjnitë antike si Zeus (edhe Jupiteri latin), Hefest (simbol i shquar i kësaj perëndie, edhe në versionin latin, Vullkan), Poseidon, Afërdita, Kronos, Nike. Pa harruar edhe versionin e qeleshes labe, qylafit, aq të ngjashëm me version e kapelës frige, e cila mbijetoi si kapelë tipike shqiptare deri në Mesjetë. Qylafi i heroit pellazgjik, Kadmit, i përjetësuar në një vazo në Luvër teksa vret Dragoin e Aresit. Po ky qylaf, qeleshja e famshme shqiptare, është edhe simboli i përzgjedhur si prezantues mbi kryet e femrës që simbolizon Ilirinë, në veprën “Illyricum Sacrum” të Daniele Farlatit. Një veshje kaq e lashtë e përzier me mitin e historinë, e mbajtur nga vdekatarë e hyjni, e shfaqur në skulptura e piktura dhe përfundimisht e mbajtur si shenjë e fortë e identitetit VETËM, te shqiptarët, a nuk do të meritonte një vëmendje më të madhe, një propozim serioz, për vlerësimin e një simboli, që në mënyrë mahnitëse vjen që nga thellësia e mijëvjeçarëve si dëshmi e një tradite të pandërprerë dhe e një autoktonie të heshtur, por kaq të dukshme e të qëndrueshme në kohë? Personalisht, mendoj se po! Nëse do të bëhej një propozim që kjo veshje të ishte pjesë e Trashëgimisë Botërore kulturore të ruajtur nga UNESCO, do të ishte një shërbim i vyer ndaj një simboli unikal, dëshmi e gjallë e epokave të lashta. Një dëshmi shqiptare...

 

"Thënie për shqiptarët"

 

 

-------------------------------------

 

RREGULLAT E UNESCO-s PER PRANIMIN SI VLERE E TRASHEGIMISE BOTERORE

 

Per te gjithe ata qe jane te interesuar ta cojne me tej kete ide poshte po sjell disa informacione qe e justifikojne dhe tregojne se kjo gje mund te realizohet.

Jane ne anglisht dhe jane marre nga faqja e UNESCO-s. Ketu keni edhe adresen ku shkarkohet doracaku i plote me rregullat e vleresimit, aplikimit, ruajtjes, kriteret etj; pra menyra se si funksionon mekanizmi:

 

 

The Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention


whc.unesco.org/pg.cfm?cid=57

 

PDF:    whc.unesco.org/archive/opguide12-en.pdf

WORD DOC:    whc.unesco.org/archive/opguide12-en.doc

 

 

Kushtet e meposhtme jane teresisht te plotesueshme per kete gje, qe qeleshja te jete pjese e trashegimse kultorore boterore e ruajtur nga UNESCO.

 

II.A Definition of World Heritage

 

Cultural and Natural Heritage

 

1. Cultural and natural heritage are defined in Articles 1 and 2 of the World Heritage Convention.

 

Article 1

 

For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "cultural heritage";

- monuments: architectural works, works of monumental sculpture and painting, elements or structures of an archaeological nature, inscriptions, cave dwellings and combinations of features, which are of Outstanding Universal Value from the point of view of history, art or science;

- groups of buildings: groups of separate or connected buildings which, because of their architecture, their homogeneity or their place in the landscape, are of Outstanding Universal Value from the point of view of history, art or science;

- sites: works of man or the combined works of nature and of man, and areas including archaeological sites which are of Outstanding Universal Value from the historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological points of view.

 

 

Article 2

 

For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage":

- natural features consisting of physical and biological formations or groups of such formations, which are of Outstanding Universal Value from the aesthetic or scientific point of view;

geological and physiographical formations and precisely delineated areas which constitute the habitat of threatened species of animals and plants of Outstanding Universal Value from the point of view of science or conservation;

- natural sites or precisely delineated natural areas of Outstanding Universal Value from the point of view of science, conservation or natural beauty.

 

Mixed Cultural and Natural Heritage

 

2. Properties shall be considered as "mixed cultural and natural heritage" if they satisfy a part or the whole of the definitions of both cultural and natural heritage laid out in Articles 1 and 2 of the Convention.

 

Cultural landscapes

 

3. Cultural landscapes are cultural properties and represent the "combined works of nature and of man" designated in Article 1 of the Convention. They are illustrative of the evolution of human society and settlement over time, under the influence of the physical constraints and/or opportunities presented by their natural environment and of successive social, economic and cultural forces, both external and internal.

 

Movable Heritage

 

4. Nominations of immovable heritage which are likely to become movable will not be considered.

 

Outstanding Universal Value

 

5. Outstanding Universal Value means cultural and/or natural significance which is so exceptional as to transcend national boundaries and to be of common importance for present and future generations of all humanity. As such, the permanent protection of this heritage is of the highest importance to the international community as a whole. The Committee defines the criteria for the inscription of properties on the World Heritage List.

 

6. States Parties are invited to submit nominations of properties of cultural and/or natural value considered to be of "Outstanding Universal Value" for inscription on the World Heritage List.

 

7. At the time of inscription of a property on the World Heritage List, the Committee adopts a Statement of Outstanding Universal Value (see paragraph 154) which will be the key reference for the future effective protection and management of the property.

 

8. The Convention is not intended to ensure the protection of all properties of great interest, importance or value, but only for a select list of the most outstanding of these from an international viewpoint. It is not to be assumed that a property of national and/or regional importance will automatically be inscribed on the World Heritage List.

 

9. Nominations presented to the Committee shall demonstrate the full commitment of the State Party to preserve the heritage concerned, within its means. Such commitment shall take the form of appropriate policy, legal, scientific, technical, administrative and financial measures adopted and proposed to protect the property and its Outstanding Universal Value.

 

 

II.D Criteria for the assessment of Outstanding Universal Value

 

 

10. The Committee considers a property as having Outstanding Universal Value (see paragraphs 49-53) if the property meets one or more of the following criteria. Nominated properties shall therefore :

 

(i) represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;

 

(ii) exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;

 

(iii) bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;

 

(iv) be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;

 

(v) be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change;

 

(vi) be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria) ;

 

(vii) contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;

 

(viii) be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features;

 

(ix) be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals;

 

(x) contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of Outstanding Universal Value from the point of view of science or conservation.

 

11. To be deemed of Outstanding Universal Value, a property must also meet the conditions of integrity and/or authenticity and must have an adequate protection and management system to ensure its safeguarding.

 

II.E Integrity and/or authenticity

 

II.E Integrity and/or authenticity

 

Authenticity

 

12. Properties nominated under criteria (i) to (vi) must meet the conditions of authenticity. Annex 4 which includes the Nara Document on Authenticity, provides a practical basis for examining the authenticity of such properties and is summarized below.

13. The ability to understand the value attributed to the heritage depends on the degree to which information sources about this value may be understood as credible or truthful. Knowledge and understanding of these sources of information, in relation to original and subsequent characteristics of the cultural heritage, and their meaning, are the requisite bases for assessing all aspects of authenticity.

 

14. Judgments about value attributed to cultural heritage, as well as the credibility of related information sources, may differ from culture to culture, and even within the same culture. The respect due to all cultures requires that cultural heritage must be considered and judged primarily within the cultural contexts to which it belongs.

 

15. Depending on the type of cultural heritage, and its cultural context, properties may be understood to meet the conditions of authenticity if their cultural values (as recognized in the nomination criteria proposed) are truthfully and credibly expressed through a variety of attributes including:

• form and design;

• materials and substance;

• use and function;

• traditions, techniques and management systems;

• location and setting;

• language, and other forms of intangible heritage;

• spirit and feeling; and

• other internal and external factors.

 

16. Attributes such as spirit and feeling do not lend themselves easily to practical applications of the conditions of authenticity, but nevertheless are important indicators of character and sense of place, for example, in communities maintaining tradition and cultural continuity.

 

17. The use of all these sources permits elaboration of the specific artistic, historic, social, and scientific dimensions of the cultural heritage being examined. "Information sources" are defined as all physical, written, oral, and figurative sources, which make it possible to know the nature, specificities, meaning, and history of the cultural heritage.

 

18. When the conditions of authenticity are considered in preparing a nomination for a property, the State Party should first identify all of the applicable significant attributes of authenticity. The statement of authenticity should assess the degree to which authenticity is present in, or expressed by, each of these significant attributes.

 

19. In relation to authenticity, the reconstruction of archaeological remains or historic buildings or districts is justifiable only in exceptional circumstances. Reconstruction is acceptable only on the basis of complete and detailed documentation and to no extent on conjecture.

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